GMOs are synthetic organisms from the animal and plant kingdoms. Their DNAs have been modified in laboratories to highlight certain advantages. In medicine: more effective drugs. For the producer: crops that are more resistant to disease and external aggression, better yields. For the consumer: high nutritional value, food that is adapted to each individual's metabolism.
Foods containing GMOs are commonly called transgenic foods. Controversial debates arise: GMOs are a source of obesity and intolerance. What about cancer?
A news title that creates controversy
The Gilles-Eric Séralini case draws attention. In 2012, this biologist published in a scientific journal the results of his work "the appearance of cancers in rats fed with GMO corn. »In his view, his experiments confirm the link between cancer and the consumption of foodstuffs containing GMOs, the morphology of the rat being very close to that of humans.
Where do we actually stand now?
The European community and the scientific community deny and discredit the results of Séralin’s research. They cited a number of reasons to support their arguments, such as “, unreliable experimental process, bogus analyses....
The WHO’s declarations are quite reassuring: "Genetically modified foods that are currently on the international market have been examined and do not appear to pose any risk to human health". This international organization recommends caution to consumers though. Some studies still need to be carried out to determine the real risk that transgenic foods might bring.